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Government Scraps EPC Changes for Landlords: What You Need to Know

Published: 22/09/2023


In a surprising turn of events, on Wednesday 20 September, Prime Minister Rishi Sunak announced the scrapping of proposed changes to Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) for landlords.

Originally scheduled to come into effect in April 2025, these changes were designed to improve the energy efficiency of rental properties across the country. However, the decision to abandon these reforms has sparked a flurry of debate and speculation.

In this blog post, we'll delve into the details of this development and explore its potential implications.

The Proposed Changes

The proposed EPC changes for landlords aimed to raise the energy efficiency standards of rental properties. The primary features of these changes included:

1.Raising the Minimum EPC Rating
The most significant change was the increase in the minimum EPC rating required for a rental property. Currently set at an E rating, the proposal was to raise this to a C rating by 2025. This would have required many landlords to invest in energy-efficient upgrades for their properties.

2.Financial Penalties
Landlords failing to meet the new EPC requirements would have faced substantial financial penalties. The penalties were intended to encourage property owners to invest in energy-efficient measures and reduce their carbon footprint.

There were also plans to introduce exemptions for certain properties, such as listed buildings or those with structural limitations that made energy improvements unfeasible.

The U-Turn

2 days ago, Government announced its decision to abandon these proposed changes to EPCs for landlords. The reasons cited for this U-turn are multifaceted:

1.Economic Concerns
 Concerns remained that the proposed changes would place an undue financial burden on landlords, especially those with older or harder-to-upgrade properties. In this current economy, they argued, it might not be the right time to impose such requirements.

2.Political Backlash
Mandatory upgrading of EPC ratings had sparked significant backlash from landlord associations and property owners, with many arguing that the new regulations would negatively impact the rental market. More landlords would be forced to sell reducing the supply of rental properties even further, at a time there is already a huge shortage of rental properties. Additionally, increased costs are also likely to be passed on to tenants in the form of further increasing rents.

3.Implementation Challenges
Critics of the proposed changes also raised concerns about the feasibility of implementing the new regulations within the given timeframe. They argued that there were not enough resources or incentives in place to support landlords in making necessary improvements.

Implications and Future Considerations

The government's decision to abandon the EPC changes for landlords raises several important questions and considerations:

1.Energy Efficiency
With the changes scrapped, there is concern that energy efficiency improvements in rental properties may stagnate. This could have long-term implications for the UK's carbon reduction goals.

2.Housing Quality
While the U-turn is seen as a victory by some landlords, there are concerns about the quality of some rental stock. Properties with low EPC ratings often suffer from issues like poor insulation and heating, which can affect tenants' quality of life.

3.Future Reforms
The government has hinted that they may revisit these proposals in the future. This could mean that revised regulations are introduced at a later date, perhaps with more comprehensive support for landlords.


The scrapping of the EPC changes for landlords is a significant policy shift that has both supporters and critics. It comes at a pivotal time in which the rental sector is under significant pressure. Increased costs have led to many Landlords exiting the sector in recent years, leading to very low supplies of rental accommodation, resulting in sharp increases in rents. Many landlords will now be breathing a sigh of relief as the pressure of finding several thousands of pounds to upgrade to EPC rating C has dissipated.

And while it relieves some financial burden on property owners, it also raises questions about the commitment to improving energy efficiency in the UK's rental housing stock. As the government continues to navigate the complex landscape of energy policy and housing, it remains to be seen what the future holds for EPC regulations and the quest for more sustainable rental properties.

You can read the Prime Ministers speech on the new plans for energy reforms here